Tuesday, May 3, 2011

Provisions of Law and Health Insurance

Provisions of Law and Health Insurance Occupational health legislation has been a concern of government since the founding of the Republic of Indonesia. The government feels the need satisfy a general policy governing the welfare of the workers by issuing laws that regulate and protect welfare workers.

Among the various laws that have been made are: A. Employment Law (1948-1951), although not to the entire article, with the Government Regulation no. 1 of 1951 regulating the working hours, annual leave, maternity leave, menstruation leave for women workers, labor regulations for children. young people, women, workplace requirements, and others.
B. Accidents Act was published in 1947, declared effective in 1951. The law of this accident is also called Workers' Compensation Act (Workmen Compensation Law) regulates indemnity to the worker who had an accident or occupational disease.
Several chapters are noteworthy include:
1. In companies that are required to provide benefits, the employer is obliged to pay compensation to workers who had an accident related to employment at the company.
2. Disease arising from employment relationship is seen as an accident.
3. If the worker died from such accidents, the obligation to pay damages that applies to the family he left behind.
4. And so on.

C. Safety at Work Act 1970, this Act contains general provisions on work safety in accordance with the development of society, industrialization, engineering, and technology in order to develop safety norms.

The Safety Act is governed about safety in all workplaces, both on land, in the soil, in surface water in the water, and in the air within the jurisdiction of Indonesia.
The Safety Act also included the rights and obligations of workers, namely:
1. Providing the correct information when requested by employees or supervisors and safety specialists.
2. Wearing a protective device itself is required.
3. Meet and comply with all occupational safety and health requirements that are required.
4. Asked the Board to be all occupational safety and health requirements that are required.
5. Expressed reservations on pckedaan working with occupational safety and health requirements and did a protective device required by it is doubtful except in matters specifically provided otherwise by employee supervisors within the limits of which can still be accounted for.

D. Legal provisions regarding occupational health is also contained in the Health Act.
Article 23 Health Act states:
1. Occupational health are maintained to achieve optimal productivity.
2. Occupational health includes occupational health services, prevention of occupational disease, and occupational health requirements.
3. Every workplace must hold occupational health
4. Provisions on occupational health as defined in paragraph (2) and (3) stipulated by Government Regulation.
In this section arranged so that each worker can work in a healthy manner without endangering yourself and the people around him to obtain an optimal work productivity.

Reminded in this article that covers occupational health occupational health services, prevention of occupational diseases and health conditions. Thus, occupational health efforts in essence a harmonization work capacity, work load and work environment.

Occupational health services are health services provided to workers according to labor and social security covering health improvement, disease prevention, healing diseases, and health recovery.

Conditions of employment include health requirements of workers' health both physically and psychologically fit to the type of job, requirements of raw materials, equipment, and work processes and requirements of the place or work environment. What is meant by workplace here is a workplace that is open or closed, movable or immovable that is used to produce goods or services by one or more workers.

In this article stressed that the compulsory conduct occupational health is a place that has a health hazard or easily affected by the disease or who have employees of more than 10 people.

Legal sanctions for violating the provision of occupational health, arranged in the same chapter with the sanction of law in violation of environmental health.
Health Law Article 94 reads:

     "Those who organize workplaces that do not comply shall be punished by a maximum imprisonment of one year and / or a maximum fine of fifteen million. "

Labor Insurance
Discuss the legal aspects of occupational health at the present time should also be shown on the Labor Insurance program (Astek). This program is very important for employment who are not civil servants and members of the Armed Forces.
The program was implemented based on the experiences of many victims of workplace accidents that occur due to bark wreak physical and spiritual. Therefore, the government made ​​a social security for workers who could crash when doing pckcrjaan in a company.
Social security is aimed at providing protection against social risks that befall peketja economy. Principal provisions regarding social security is provided for in Law no. 14 year 1969. One of these guarantees is Astek program. Government Regulation No. Menunit. 33-year-1977 on Astek, the program is a Work Accident Insurance, Insurance Retirement Savings and Insurance Death.

In article 3 paragraph 1 hereof explained that every company must hold Astek program. Thus, this program will provide a guarantee against accidents, illness or death arising from employment relations.
Source: fkunhas       

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